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Ali Muhammad Soomro, Naseem Aslam Channa, Addullah Dayo


Objective: To investigate sleep quantity and sleep quality in pharmacy students on comparative grounds, aimed to help them make better decisions regarding their sleep habits. Methods: Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) was used to evaluate the sleep quantity and quality. Participating pharmacy students from morning (n=88) and evening (n=100) filled questionnaires successfully. After calculating percentage of students with their sleeping times, sleeping quality score data of both shift students was statistically analyzed for two sample t-test. Results were computed by Minitab software version 14.0

Results: The age range of students under study was between 18 and 21 years. The bedtime of both shift students morning (62.5%) and evening (82%) was late at midnight. While the rise time reported by 52.27% from morning shift and 84% from participating evening shift students was too early in the morning. Actual hours of sleep recorded were lesser than required in 96.59% morning and 64% evening shift students. Compara- tive statistical analyzes of PSQI scores for morning, evening shift students and among gender indicated poor sleep quality in pharmacy students at highly significant level (p< 0.01). Study confirmed poor sleep quality among participants by global scores more than 5.

Conclusion: Study concluded significant poor sleeping habits/sleep quality among pharmacy students that may affect their educational process and growth. There is stern need to promote the awareness of above mentioned investigated facts and must educate the adolescent age group students for adapting appropriate and healthy pattern of sleep required.

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